Over the years these structures have undergone multiple changes and adjustments in order to ensure a governance structure that is adapted to the realities of basketball as well as the global sporting and political environment at any given time. However, the core principles and structures, first defined when FIBA was founded back in 1932, remain in place to this day.
This includes placing FIBA's core membership, the National Member Federations, at the very heart of the governance of the sport. Collectively and with equal voting rights, they form FIBA's supreme authority, the Congress.
Thus, directly or indirectly, all persons, structures and decisions of FIBA are dependent on the 212 National Federation members. This includes four entities that have historically been central to FIBA's activities:
During the 2014 Extraordinary Congress, held in Istanbul on 16 March, FIBA's National Member Federations amended the FIBA General Statutes with the purpose of strengthening the organisation in view of future challenges and strategic growth opportunities.
In 2014, FIBA moved towards a unique, inclusive and participative management model (approved at the Extraordinary Congress), a revolution in the world of International Sports Federations.
As a consequence of the FIBA governance changes, the newly-established Executive Committee (appointed by the Central Board) took the following decisions, to be implemented over time, as of 1 January 2015:
- Transformation of management process: Zones act only through Regional Offices (established by FIBA)
- Appointment of five Executive Directors heading the Regional Offices
- Regional Offices staff (Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania) integrate and complete the Headquarters staff
- Approval of the feasibility study for a number of developmental/representative offices across the world in strategic places in order to better serve FIBA's National Member Federations
- Confirmation of the new FIBA Management Team under the direction of the Secretary General
United by the same vision, FIBA and its Zones come together as ONE FIBA, representing the 212 National Member Federations to make basketball the most popular sports community in the world.
In an ever-changing global environment, FIBA strengthens its position by working together with its Regions and all basketball stakeholders in a unified manner, ensuring that time and resources are spent efficiently for the development of basketball.
- National Federation Members First: As a Federation of 212 National Member Federations, FIBA focus and support these entities, the pillars of basketball
- Unity: Speak with ONE VOICE
- Efficiency: Structures and decision-making processes adapted to modern times
- Integration: Players, clubs, leagues (NBA) and partners fully involved in FIBA decision-making processes with representatives on the Central Board