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Since 1459, when it was first mentioned in a historical document, the city of Bucharest was called “Hilariopolis – The City of Joy” by Greeks; “Le Petit Paris“ by those who were enthused by the cosmopolitan vibe of the 1800's or the "New Berlin" in recent years, owing to the creative effervescence that characterizes its urban and cultural life.
DID YOU KNOW THAT...?
In 1857, Bucharest became the first city in the world that was lit with lamp oil.
The Palace of Parliament (known also as The People’s House) is the largest civil administrative building in the world, the second largest building after the Pentagon, and one of the third along with USA’s Pentagon and Great Wall of China that can be seen from space.
The People's Salvation Cathedral - will be the highest Orthodox Church in Romania and it’s supposed to be the most impressive Orthodox Cathedral in the world, in terms of area, volume and height.
Old Court Palace The old Princely Court Museum - is the oldest medieval monument found in Bucharest, being related to Vlad Țepeș who inspired the legendary figure of Dracula.
The Village Museum “Dimitrie Gusti” is one of the most beautiful museums in the world.
Cărturești Carusel is one of the most beautiful libraries in the world.
Top 10 Bucharest landmarks to see
The Palace of Parliament
Considered one of the most impressive buildings in the world, it entered the Guinness World Record in the category of administrative buildings representing the second largest administrative building after the Pentagon. This grandiose project, originally entitled "The House of the Republic" later "The People's House" and finally became "The Palace of Parliament", was started in 1984 under the direct supervision of the Communist leader Nicolae Ceausescu. Nowadays, the building is used by the Parliament of Romania, the National Museum of Contemporary Art and several other institutions. Also, the building serves as an international conference and meeting centre. The palace is open to tourists by offering visiting programs in several languages of international circulation.
Address: 2-4 Izvor St.
Founded by royal decree in 1936, this fascinating ethnographic outdoor museum located down on the Herăstrău lakeside will take you back in time revealing the everyday life of people in Romanian villages. Traditional houses, farms, wooden churches and mills, all relocated from different parts of Romania, carefully taken apart, shipped to the museum and rebuilt in order to recreate the village setting.
Address: 28-30 Pavel Dimitrievici Kiseleff Bvd.
The National History Museum of Romania is one of the representative institutions of Romanian culture. It is housed by a historic monument building, formerly known as the Post Office Palace. Here, you will find a real size replica of the famous Traian's Column in Rome, an impressive collection of Romanian marble, some of the famous Dacian bracelets and the Pietroasele treasure (4th century gothic treasure of gold items).
Also, you can see the Steel Crown of Romania of King Carol I. The crown was made from the steel of a cannon captured by the Romanian Army during the War of Independence (1877-1878) against the Ottomans.
Adress: 12 Victoriei Avenue
The Old City Center is part of the historic heart that was not demolished during the communist period. Today, the Old Town area is very populated, renowned for its tourist attractions and leisure activities, representing a gathering place for the city's younger generation. There are countless restaurants, terraces, cafes, bars and clubs but also art and antiques shops, bookstores and theatres.
Lipscani Street is one of the oldest streets of Bucharest, being documented on 5 June 1589. Known as the "Ulița Mare", Lipscani was the main commercial and crafts street of the town. Along with Romanian in this area were the communities of merchants Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs, Armenians, Hebrew, Albanian and Austrian. This is why the buildings were influenced by various styles prevalent as those of Renaissance and Baroque.
Victoriei Avenue is Bucharest's oldest and, arguably, most charming street. Built in 1692 to link the Old Princely Court to Mogosoaia Palace, it was initially paved with oak beams. The street became Victoriei Avenue in 1878, after the victory in the War of Independence. Currently, it is heavily populated, but also crowded by numerous restaurants, bars and cafes. Victoriei Avenue is also a magnet for shopping, as there are numerous with international brands outlets.
Regele Mihai I Park (Herăstrău) is located in the northern part of Bucharest, on the Herăstrău lakeside, covering an area of 110 hectares. It is an excellent place for walks and leisure. There are an outdoor cinema, a summer theatre and tennis courts. In the summertime, many terraces open on the shores of the lake and you can take cruises on the lake in boats and small ships.
A building-symbol of national culture, the Romanian Athenaeum, built in the heart of Bucharest 120 years ago (1886-1888), became the architectural and spiritual exponent of the Capital. At the Romanian Athenaeum, there were moments of historical significance that were inscribed in the golden book of Romanian people. Few people know today that the Palace of the Romanian Athenaeum was built with money from a public subscription, following the organization of a national lottery (500,000 tickets worth one ”leu”), the appeal addressed to citizens by Constantin Esarcu, founder of the Athenaeum Society Romanian, sounding like a popular call, with a really comical and banal slogan: "Give one ”leu” for the Athenaeum!".
Adresă: Strada Benjamin Franklin 1-3
Built between 1927 and 1937 in neoclassical style, the palace was home to King Carol II and to his son, King Mihai I, until 1947, when monarchy was abolished in Romania. Today, the former Royal palace houses the Romanian National Art Museum featuring one of the largest collections of paintings in Romania. The museum has on display over 70,000 exhibits divided into two main galleries: the National Gallery, which also comprises works by the best Romanian painters (Ion Andreescu, Theodor Aman, Nicolae Grigorescu, Gheorghe Petraşcu, etc.) and the European Art Gallery that has the art collection of King Charles I.
Adress: 49-53 Victoriei Avenue
The Suţu Palace is one of the oldest aristocratic residences in Bucharest and one of the few buildings that has remained unchanged for over 150 years. The museum houses numerous collections and exhibitions related to the history of Bucharest, as well as to aspects of life in the city.
Address: 2 Ion Bratianu Bvd.
The Arch de Triumph is a monument of architecture and cultural heritage object and is a representative edifice of Bucharest, commemorating the victory of Romanian armies in World War I, the emergence of Greater Romania and the crowning of King Ferdinand I and Queen Maria. The Arch de Triumph is the Bucharest symbolic link to ancient Rome - the civilization that imposed bow as a symbol of victory - and France, as the bow of Paris commissioned by Napoleon was a model for the one in Bucharest.
In order to organise your visit to Bucharest more efficiently, we advise you to visit the official website of the Bucharest Transport Company STB SA (link here), where you can find all the information about the bus circuit, as well as the official website of Metrorex (link here), where you can find all the details about subway in Bucharest.
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