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 IOC Code:
 Country: Venezuela
 Continent: Americas
 President: Hugo Chavez Frias 
 Capital: Caracas
 Largest City: Caracas 
 Currency: Venezuelan bolívar
 Official languages: Spanish
 Motto: none

 Population: 25 730 435
 GDP/ inhabitant (in US $): 6 354
 Density (inhabitants/km2): 29
 Average age (in years):  
 Life expectancy (in years): 74.06

 Internet code: .ve 
 Calling code: +58
map of Venezuela


Venezuela; Spanish: Venezuela is a country on the northern tropical Caribbean coast of South America. Venezuela borders Brazil to the south, Guyana to the east, and Colombia to the west. North of the Venezuelan coast lie the islands of Aruba, the Netherlands Antilles, and Trinidad and Tobago.

A former Spanish colony, Venezuela is a federal republic. Historically, Venezuela has had territorial disputes with Guyana, largely concerning the Essequibo area, and with Colombia concerning the Gulf of Venezuela (Gulf of Coquibacoa according to Colombia). This issue is not yet resolved. Today, Venezuela is known widely for its petroleum industry, the environmental diversity of its territory, and its sheer natural beauty. Some have claimed that Christopher Columbus was so enthralled by Venezuela's landscape, when arriving to its coast in 1498, that he referred to the land as Tierra de Gracia (Land of Grace), which has become the country’s nickname.