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 IOC Code:
 Country: Argentina
 Continent: Americas
 President: Néstor Carlos Kirchner 
 Capital: Buenos Aires  
 Largest City:  Buenos Aires
 Currency:  Peso (ARS)
 Official languages: Spanish
 Motto: In Union and Liberty

 POPULATION (1 January 2006)
 Population: 39 921 833
 GDP/ inhabitant (in US $): 14 087
 Density (inhabitants/km2): 13 
 Average age (in years): 29
 Life expectancy (in years): 75.48

 Internet code: .ar 
 Calling code: +54
map of Argentina


Argentina is the second-largest country in South America and the eighth-largest country in the world.

It occupies a continental surface area of 2,791,810 km² (1,078,000 sq mi) and is located between the Andes mountain range in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast, and Chile in the west and south. It also claims the British overseas territories of the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Under the name of Argentine Antarctica, it claims 969,464 km² (374,312 sq mi) of Antarctica, overlapping other claims by Chile and the United Kingdom.

The country is formally named the Argentine Republic but for purposes of legislation, the form Nación Argentina (Argentine Nation) is used.