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 IOC Code:
 Country:  Republic of Turkey
 Continent: Europe
 President: Ahmet Necdet Sezer
 Capital: Ankara 
 Largest City: Istanbul
 Currency:  New Turkish Lira
 Official languages: Turkish
 Motto: Peace at Home, Peace in
       the World

 Population: 73 193 000
 GDP/inhabitant (in US $): 8 385 
 Density (inhabitants/km2): 90
 Average age (in years):  
 Life expectancy (in years): 72.3

 Internet code: .tr 
 Calling code: +90
map of Turkey


Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a Eurasian country located mainly in the Anatolian peninsula in Southwestern Asia, with a small portion of its territory located in the Balkan region of Southeastern Europe. Turkey borders eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia, Armenia and the Nakhichevan exclave of Azerbaijan to the northeast; Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. In addition, it borders the Black Sea to the north; the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara to the west; and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

The Republic of Turkey is a democratic, secular, constitutional republic whose political system was established in 1923. Turkey is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, OSCE, OECD, OIC, and the Council of Europe. Due to its strategic location, straddling Europe and Asia and between three seas, Turkey has been a historical crossroad between eastern and western cultures. It has been home to several great civilizations and the location of many battles between them. While Turkey is considered as a developed nation by a limited number of sources, its per-capita GDP places it among the developing countries. In addition, Turkey maintains a medium status in the United Nations' Human Development Index.