Prague is the capital and largest city in Czech Republic with a population of 1,267,449. Founded ca. 880, it is one of the oldest and best-preserved cities in Europe, being particularly famous for its architecture and cultural attractions. Prague's historic centre has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites since 1992.
Prague, the historical pearl of Europe, is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It has always played an important role in the history of Czech Republic (formerly Bohemia) and of Europe.
Since the Middle Ages, Prague’s beauty has been described with expressions such as "golden", "hundred-spired" and "the crown of the world".
The unique character of the city is also partly a consequence of its natural environment. Similarly to Rome – built on seven hills – Prague was built on nine hills, along the Vltava River, which flows through the city for a distance of 31km and forms a perfect unity with the city.
The dominant features of the city’s architecture are reflected in the river: the towers, the church spires and cupolas as well as palaces and town houses, along with the greenery of gardens, parks and islands.
The history of the city began with the founding of Prague Castle in the ninth century. At the time of the founding of the Old Town of Prague at the start of the 13th century, the Romanesque style began to be replaced by the Gothic. The oldest structure in this style is the Convent of St Agnes of Bohemia (or the Old-New Synagogue), while St Vitus Cathedral, Charles Bridge, the Church of Our Lady before Tyn are examples of this style’s prime.
The greatest flourishing of the Czech state occurred at this time, which will eternally be connected with the monarch Charles IV, who founded the famous Charles University in 1348, the first university in Central Europe.
Nowadays, Prague is an important European city that attracts visitors not only by the abundance of architectural gems the generations of our ancestors left us. It is a place where cultural, social and political events of international importance are held as well as being a popular destination for trade fairs and congresses.
The Vaclav Havel Airport Prague is located on the outskirts of Prague, ca. 20 km northwest of the city centre.
For further information, please visit the official website: www.prg.aero.
The biggest railway stations in Prague are:
- Hlavni (Wilsonovo) nadrazi (Main Railway Station) – Prague 2, Wilsonova st.
- Masarykovo nadrazi (Masaryk Railway Station) – Prague 1, Hybernska st.
- Smichovske nadrazi (Smichov Railway Station) – Prague 5, Nadrazni st.
- Prague-Holesovice – Prague 7, Partyzanska st.
For further information and timetables please visit www.idos.cz.
The main bus stations in Prague are:
- Florenc – Prague 8, Krizikova st.
- Na Knizeci – Prague 5, Nadrazni st.
- Holesovice – Prague 7, Partyzanska st.
- Roztyly – Prague 4, Rysaveho st.
- Cerny Most – Prague 9, Chlumecka st.
For further information on the public transport lines and timetables, please visit www.idos.cz.
Prague offers a variety of attractions, be it cultural, architectural, culinary or recreational. Some of the city's major attractions are:
Monuments and squares:
- Old Town
- New Town
- Charles Bridge
- Prague Castle
- Wenceslas Square
- Old Town Square
- Lesser Town
- National Theatre
- National Theatre
- National Opera House
- Semafor Theatre
- Theatre ACB
- Theatre Rokoko
- Stavovske Theatre
- Vinohrady Theatre
- Theatre Karlin
- Vltava River district
- Swimming pool Podoli
- Aquaparks: Cestlice (Aquapalace), Barrandov
- Parks: Stromovka, Hvezda, Riegerovy sady
- Funpark Holesovice
- Krizik's Fountain
- Petrin Tower